Brain mapping is a set of neuroscience approaches based on mapping (biological) values or features onto spatial representations of the (human or non-human) brain to produce maps. Targeting has already been done using brain mapping techniques. Human brain mapping is an experimental discipline that uses a combination of experimental psychology, human neuroscience, and noninvasive neuroimaging to establish structure-function correspondences in the brain. Given the individual heterogeneity among patients, these approaches are now confined to gaining a clearer characterization of a patient's structural anatomy and generating better atlases (see below) to identify specified parts of the brain. The emergence of a rich and diverse literature on the functional organization of the human brain has catapulted neuroimaging into the scientific mainstream. Because of this rapid expansion, there is a pressing need to efficiently gather and integrate the body of knowledge in this sector.